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这块超越150万平方公里的疆域,俄罗斯就卖了这些钱

作者:admin 发布时间:2019-05-11 20:22:02 浏览次数:331
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阿拉斯加和俄罗斯只隔着一条白令海峡,总面积171.7855万平方公里


The purchase of Alaska in 1867 marked the end of Russian efforts to expand trade and settlements to the Pacific coast of North America, and became an important step in the United States rise as a great power in the Asia-Pacific region.

对阿拉斯加的收买标志着俄罗斯人在北美太平洋沿岸久居和开展买卖尽力的完结,也成为了美利坚合众国在亚太区域兴起,成为大国的重要一步。

阿拉斯加和俄罗斯之间隔着白令海峡


Beginning in 1725, when Russian Czar Peter the Great dispatched Vitus Bering to explore the Alaskan coast, Ru这块超越150万平方公里的疆域,俄罗斯就卖了这些钱ssia had a keen interest in this region, which was rich in natural resources and lightly inhabited.

维他斯 白令


始于1725年,其时沙皇彼得大帝差遣维他斯白令去探究阿拉斯加沿岸,俄罗斯人对这片区域有着稠密的爱好,由于那时这片区域天然资源丰富,并且久居人口稀疏。


As the United States expanded westward in the early 1800s, Americans soon found themselves in competition with Russian explorers and t极射raders.

当19世纪初美国向西扩展的时分,美国人很快发现他们陷入了和俄罗斯开拓者和买卖商的竞赛。


彼得大帝


St. Petersburg, however, lacked the financial resources to support major settlements or a military presence along the Pacific coast of North America and permanent Russian settlers in Alaska never numbered more than four hundred.

可是圣彼得缺少对大规模久居的财务支撑,没有在北美太平洋安置戎行,以及在阿拉斯加的俄罗斯久居者从未超越400人。


Defeat in the Crimean War further reduced Russian interest in this region.

在克里米亚战争中的失利进一步让俄罗斯人对这块当地失去了爱好。


Russia offered to sell Alaska to the United States in 1859, believing the United States would off-set the designs of Russia’s greatest rival in the Pac这块超越150万平方公里的疆域,俄罗斯就卖了这些钱ific, Great Britain.

1859年,俄罗斯自动提议把阿拉斯加卖给美国,信任美国可以挫折英国的妄图,而其时后者是俄罗斯在太平洋上最大的敌人。


时任美国国务卿 William H. Seward


The looming U.S. Civil War delayed the sale, but after the war, Secretary of State William Seward quickly took up a renewed Russian offer and on March 30, 1867, agreed to a proposal from Russian Minister in Washington, Edouard de Stoeckl, to purchase Alaska for $7.2 million.

火烧眉毛的美国南北战争推迟了这笔买卖,可是战后,国务卿William Seward迅速地着手研讨俄罗斯人的新报价,然后1867年3月30号,在华盛顿接受了俄罗斯总理Edouard de Stoeckl的提议,以其时的720万美金买下了阿拉斯加。

The Senate approved the treaty of purchase on April 9; President Andrew Johnson signed the treaty on May 28, and Alas这块超越150万平方公里的疆域,俄罗斯就卖了这些钱ka was formally transferred to the United States on October 18, 1867. This purchase ended Russia’s presence in North America and ensured U.S. access to the Pacific这块超越150万平方公里的疆域,俄罗斯就卖了这些钱 northern rim.

4月9日,参议院赞同了购买公约;时任美国总统Andrew Johnson在5月28号签署公约,尔后阿拉斯加的主权在1867年的10月18号被正式移交给美国。美国这次的疆域购买完毕了俄罗斯在北美的存在,一起也使美国获得了北太平洋的通道。

For three decades after its purchase the United States paid little attention to Alaska,这块超越150万平方公里的疆域,俄罗斯就卖了这些钱 which was governed under military, naval, or Treasury rule or, at times, no visible rule at all.

在买下阿拉斯加后长达30年的时间里,美国简直对它毫不重视,而那是阿拉斯加是由陆军,水兵或者是国库法规办理,乃至有时分底子没有成文的法规。

Seeking a way to impose U.S. mining laws, the United States constituted a civil government in 1884.

为了找到能施行美国采矿法,1884年美国在阿拉斯加成立了公民政府。

Skeptics had dubbed the purchase of Alaska “Seward’s Folly,” but the former Secretary of State was vindicated when a major gold deposit was discovered in the Yukon in 1896, and Alaska became the gateway to the Klondike gold fields. The strategic importance of Alaska was finally recognized in World War II. Alaska became a state on January 3, 1959.

置疑者们把买下拉斯加称为“西华徳的蠢行”,可是1896年在育空发现的一个大金矿床使这位前国务卿得到了正名,并且阿拉斯加成为了通向克朗代克金矿的咽喉。在二战期间 ,阿拉斯加的战略重要性逐步被人供认。1959年1月3日,阿拉斯加正式称为美国的一个州。

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